What caused pigmentation?
The overproduction of melanin in the skin is the primary cause of skin pigmentation, which can result in freckles, sunspots, melasma, and other conditions. Abnormal pigmentation is often linked to poor lifestyle choices, such as prolonged sun exposure without protection, smoking, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause, and aging. Certain medications can also affect melanin production. Those with darker skin tones are particularly susceptible to hyperpigmentation.
Effective treatments for pigmentation and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation typically involve various types of lasers, laser sessions, and occasionally chemical peels. An experienced doctor can effectively treat specific cases of dark spots, age spots, brown spots, and acne scarring.